TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2024

TOEFL Exam Syllabus & Pattern - 2024

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TOEFL Exam Syllabus & Pattern

Navigating the world of international tests can be overwhelming, particularly if you're aspiring to study in a foreign land. Among the most distinguished of these tests is the TOEFL. It's not just an indicator of your mastery of the English language but also a gateway to academic opportunities in major English-speaking countries like the USA, Canada, and others. The core of the TOEFL exam syllabus is designed to assess participants on their abilities to read, write, listen, and speak in the academic environment of a college.

This all-encompassing test is a creation of ETS and comes in three variations: TOEFL iBT (Internet-delivered), TOEFL at Home (a user-friendly home test option), and the TOEFL paper-delivered exam (offered in specialised centres and at home). As we approach 2024, it's crucial for hopefuls to familiarise themselves with the TOEFL exam pattern and syllabus. Join us as we explore the TOEFL exam details for the forthcoming year.

TOEFL Exam Syllabus Pattern 2024

Aiming to transform the test-taking journey, ETS has implemented significant changes to the TOEFL exam pattern. Circle July 26, 2024, on your calendar, as that's when the new structure is set to be introduced. According to recent announcements, the test will now be just shy of 2 hours in length. This modification is designed to provide exam participants with a smoother experience as they chart their path to overseas education. Let's delve into a contrast between the previous TOEFL exam design and the forthcoming one due in July 2024.


Previous TOEFL Exam Pattern

Latest TOEFL Pattern


Duration: 54–72 mins, Questions: 30-40

Duration: 35 mins, Questions: 20


Duration: 41–57 mins, Questions: 28-39

Duration: 36 mins, Questions: 28


Duration: 17 mins, Tasks: 4

Duration: 16 mins, Tasks: 4


Duration: 50 mins, Tasks: 2

Duration: 29 mins, Tasks: 2

Total Duration

162–196 minutes

116 minutes

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Key Highlights About TOEFL Syllabus 2024

The 2024 TOEFL curriculum, crafted specifically for our exam participants, is outlined as such:


No. of Tasks/ Duration



20 questions, 35 minutes

Candidates engage with multiple passages, answering a set of 20 questions.


28 questions, 36 minutes

Questions revolve around brief lectures or classroom discussions.


4 tasks, 16 minutes

Discussing familiar topics and delve into materials they've read and listened to.


2 tasks, 29 minutes

Involve reading a passage, listening to a recording, and typing out a response.

TOEFL Exam Syllabus (Section Wise)

The updated TOEFL exam syllabus is structured to assess college applicants' skills in reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Both the curriculum and other elements of the test aim to measure the English language aptitude of these applicants across various competencies. When diving deep into the nuances of the TOEFL test, understanding the array of question types within its sections becomes paramount. Delve into the detailed TOEFL IBT exam pattern and syllabus that covers the writing, reading, listening, and speaking facets of the test.

TOEFL Syllabus: Reading Section

The Reading segment embodies the core of scholastic scrutiny. It involves navigating complex texts that call for deep understanding and sharp discernment. The section challenges you to employ efficient reading strategies to promptly identify crucial details. This aspect of the TOEFL curriculum tests your capability to analyse and grasp complex textual content. Highlighting the Reading segment of the
TOEFL exam:

  • Reading for Facts: Test-takers sometimes struggle to pinpoint central themes, supplementary details, or terminologies. In contrast, there's an instance where they pick the wrong answer from the three right ones.
  • Implication and Rhetorical Questions: These types of questions obliquely hint at the answer, necessitating a sharp focus on unstated nuances.
  • Reading Vocabulary: An exercise to infer word meanings from the context, selecting the most appropriate answer from four choices.
  • Sentence Simplification: The challenge here is to identify a sentence that reflects another sentence's meaning in the given text.
  • Text Insertion: A new sentence is presented for integration into the text, with the test being to position it correctly.

TOEFL Syllabus: Listening Section

In the Listening segment, you immerse yourself in academic dialogues. You'll traverse a series of lectures and dialogues that simulate real-life academic environments. This facet of the TOEFL curriculum evaluates your ability to understand spoken English in varied educational settings. Here's a closer look:

  • Gist-Content and Gist-Purpose: The goal is to identify a conversation or lecture's central purpose, indicated by key thematic phrases.
  • Detail: These queries focus on pivotal details explicitly referenced in the listening part.
  • Function: This involves discerning a statement's exact relevance in a given scenario.
  • Attitude: The challenge is to understand the speaker's perspective or position on a topic.
  • Structure: The participant must grasp the narrative or lecture's organised progression.
  • Connecting Themes: Recognise the connections between the concepts introduced.
  • Inference: Delve to perceive deeper meanings not outrightly mentioned.

TOEFL Syllabus: Speaking Section

This part gauges your competency in verbally expressing ideas within given guidelines. It necessitates formulating clear answers to given prompts, reflecting your skill in sharing views, summarising information, and merging data sources. Here’s a breakdown of the TOEFL speaking section:

  • Independent Speaking Assignments: Task 1 revolves around common themes, providing multiple options, while task 2 presents two choices. You get a quick 15-second prep time, leading into a 45-second response window.
  • Integrated Speaking Assignments: This requires amalgamating reading, listening, and speaking skills. Tasks 3 and 5 focus on an audio snippet, while tasks 4 and 6 merge reading and listening. Responses are given within a 60-second frame.

TOEFL Syllabus: Writing Section

This section of the TOEFL curriculum gauges your ability to pen clear perspectives in written English, mirroring academic writing standards. It emphasises your writing prowess. The details are:

  • Integrated Writing Assignment: After engaging with a textual piece and an audio fragment, write an essay explaining their interconnectedness. 20 minutes are allocated, targeting 150-225 words.
  • Independent Writing Assignment: Presented with a known topic, craft an essay expressing personal insights. There’s a 30-minute window, encouraging a word count of at least 300 words.

Possessing a thorough understanding of these varied question structures will unquestionably edge you closer to excelling in the TOEFL test.

TOEFL Syllabus: Practical Application and Importance

  • In the vast realm of international educational assessments, the TOEFL stands out not merely for its assessment of English proficiency across reading, writing, listening, and speaking but also for its unique emphasis on practical applications. The core intent of the TOEFL is to ensure that the student isn't just proficient in English as a language but is also equipped to use it practically within the academic sphere of foreign universities.
  • Understanding the language is one feat; using it effectively in real-world scenarios, particularly in the challenging environment of a foreign academic institution, is another. Universities across the globe, especially in English-speaking nations, require students to participate actively in class discussions, comprehend complex academic texts, write research papers, and deliver presentations. The TOEFL curriculum, thus, is crafted to ensure students can seamlessly transition into these roles.
  • For instance, the Reading section's emphasis on 'reading for facts' and 'inference' mirrors the kind of reading students would be doing when engaging with academic texts. By focusing on extracting pivotal information and understanding unstated nuances, students are prepared for tasks like literature reviews and research.
  • Similarly, the Listening segment’s inclusion of lectures and dialogues is designed to ensure that students can follow and understand real-life academic dialogues, a vital skill for any student attending lectures, seminars, or group discussions abroad.
  • The Speaking and Writing sections are equally pragmatic. They don't just test a student's ability to speak or write English; they delve into the student's capacity to articulate thoughts, present arguments, and engage in discussions or debates, all while adhering to academic standards. This mirrors the classroom environment where active participation can play a pivotal role in the learning process.

In conclusion, the TOEFL curriculum's brilliance lies in its dual purpose: evaluating English proficiency and preparing students for practical academic applications in foreign institutions. This unique blend ensures that a high score on the TOEFL is not just a testament to one’s English proficiency but also an indicator of their readiness to thrive academically in international settings.

Contact AECC for more information about the TOEFL exam or for additional help preparing for the test.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Syllabus for the TOEFL?

The TOEFL exam syllabus assesses English proficiency in reading, writing, listening, speaking, cultural nuances, and digital-age challenges.


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