Education System in Australia for Bangladeshi Students

9 minutes reading time (1863 words)

 The Australian education system is regarded as one of the greatest in the world for both domestic and international students. It provides high-quality education and worldwide recognised qualifications. Students can also get fantastic employment opportunities after graduating from Australia.

Australia's higher education institutes are also well known for their research and training practices. This makes Australia popular among students who wish to study abroad.

These are why Australian colleges rank higher in the QS World ranking. The main focus of all Australian universities is to induce skills in their students like creativity, design thinking, communication, etc. They have a well-designed curriculum followed by all universities and colleges to attain this.

How Does the Australian Education System Work?

The education system in Australia follows a set of policies known as the Australian Qualification Framework or the AQF. It is a national policy first introduced in 1995 by the Department of Education, Skills, and Employment. Its main objective is to regulate qualifications in Australian education and training.

The AQF divides education into ten levels, from preschool to doctoral degrees. This gives the student the freedom to choose and be flexible in career planning. These qualifications also prepare students for future studies and work life.

Almost all government and nationally accredited institutes in Australia follow the AQF. This makes the degree genuine. Another benefit of AQF is that all the AQF following institutes are linked. This makes the transfer from one institute to another very easy. 

What is the Education Policy in Australia?

The education policy in Australia, also known as the Australian Qualification Framework or AQF, divides the education system into ten levels. These levels start from certificate one and go on to doctoral degrees. This makes the education system easy to understand and flexible.

These levels can be divided into early childhood, primary, secondary, and high education. Given below are details about all these stages:

Early Childhood Education

This stage of education is for students from the age of four to five. Kindergarten or preschool is the first form of formal school for children in Australia. This education stage aims to teach children everyday skills like teamwork, friendship, creativity, communication, reading, writing, and learning. 

Primary School Education

This stage of education is for ages six to 11. It provides primary education like basic literacy, intellectual, numeracy, and socio-economic skills. Basic geography and culture may also be taught at this stage.

Secondary School Education

This stage of education is for children aged 12 to 18 and consists of 7 to 12 years old. It includes the study of subjects like mathematics, history, science, English, arts, biology, etc. Students choose to drop out in year ten and enrol in vocational courses. While students who finish years 11 and 12 need to sit in an exam to get the senior secondary certificate of education.

Higher Education

This stage is for children aged 18 and above and is also called tertiary education. It includes all college and university courses that students can pursue after year 12. It has two sectors: vocational education and training (VET) and universities. VETs are registered and regulated by the Australian Skills Quality agency. At the same time, universities and colleges are registered and regulated by the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency.

Academic Year in Australia

  • The academic year in Australia varies for each level. It depends on the course and type of study one is undertaking.
  • Some institutes provide mid-year or second-semester entry, while others don't. Similarly, session dates and semesters may vary for each course.

Given below are general academic years for different levels. One may refer to this for a rough overview: 




Start date


13 years 


Late January or early February

Vocational Education

1- 4 years




3-4 years

2 or 3



1-2 years

2 or 3



3+ years

No formal semesters

Can be negotiated

Study Levels in Australia

According to the AQF, the Australian education system is divided into ten levels. These levels start from certificate 1 to doctoral degree or PhD. Given below is a list of all the levels with their respective qualification:



Level 1

Certificate I

Level 2

Certificate II

Level 3

Certificate III

Level 4

Certificate IV

Level 5


Level 6

Advanced Diploma, Associate Degree

Level 7

Bachelor Degree

Level 8

Bachelor Honours Degree, Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma

Level 9

Master’s Degree

Level 10

Doctoral Degree

Academic Intakes in Australia

Most universities offer two significant intakes in Australia, while others provide three. Intakes are also called semesters or trimesters. It depends on the course the student wishes to join and the university.

The three typical intakes offered by Australian universities are:



Semester 1 (February intake)


Semester 2 (July intake)


Semester / Trimester 3

September - November

Tuition Fee Structure in Australia

The tuition fees for international students in Australia start at 20,000 AUD per year. The average fee is 30,000 AUD per year, excluding the living cost. It mainly depends on the course a student picks and the number of units in the respective course.

Education Level


Undergraduate Bachelor Degree 

AUD 20,000 - 45,000

Postgraduate Master’s Degree 

AUD 22,000 - 50,000

Doctoral Degree

AUD 18,000 - 42,000

Vocational Education and Training 

AUD 4,000 - 22,000

Financial Aid at Australian Education Support

The cost of studying in Australia may be high for most students. To reduce this and help the students, the Australian government and universities have bought several scholarships for the students.

Students can enrol in these by applying if they are eligible. Some popular scholarships in Australia are

  • Australia Awards: This scholarship is a combination of scholarships offered by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, the Department of education, and the foreign affairs department. It is especially among children from Asia, the Middle East, the Pacific, and Africa. It covers OHSC, full tuition, returns air travel, and establishment allowance.
  • Endeavour PG Scholarship Award: This is for international students pursuing master's and PhD. It covers tuition fees, monthly stipends, travel allowance, establishment allowance, and health insurance.
  • AGRTP (Australia Government Research Training Program): It is for international students pursuing research in masters or PhD programs. It provides a financial award of 43,000 AUD (max).

Some other scholarships provided to international students by the Australian government and institutes are: 



Partner University

ANU Study Canberra India Scholarship

AUD 10,000


Macquarie University India Scholarship

AUD 10,000

Macquarie University

Sydney Scholars India Scholarship Program


University of Sydney

Monash Business School Undergraduate Scholarship

AUD 1000 

Monash University

University of Adelaide Global Citizen Scholarship 

15-30% fee waiver

University of Adelaide

Types of Higher Education Institutions

Australia has different types of higher education institutes where students can opt to study. These are the 1960s – 1970s universities, Australian Technology Network, Group of Eight, Regional Universities, and New Generation Universities.

Given below are each of these and their details:

University type



The 1960s – 1970s universities

were built and established in the mid-1960s – 70s. The main aim was to provide education to children and introduce a new education pattern.

  • Macquarie University
  • La Trobe University
  • Flinders University
  • Griffith University
  • The University of Newcastle
  • James Cook University
  • Deakin University
  • Murdoch University
  • The University of Wollongong

Australian Technology Network

These were established in 1999 as Australia’s five most innovative and enterprising universities. The main goal of these universities was to provide impactful technological solutions for the betterment of society.

  • Deakin University
  • Curtin University
  • RMIT University
  • University of South Australia
  • The University of Technology Sydney

Group of Eight (Go8)

These are the oldest universities established in Australia for research and education. They were formed in 1999 as a cluster of eight top Australian universities. 

Even in today’s times, these are some of the top-ranking universities across the world. They provide world-class research opportunities and strong industry connections. 

  • University of Melbourne
  • Australian National University
  • University of Sydney
  • The University of Queensland
  • Monash University
  • The University of New South Wales Sydney
  • The University of Western Australia
  • The University of Adelaide

Regional Universities

These are a group of 7 universities that come under the RUN and were established in 2011. They aim to contribute to the growth of regional economies and communities.

  • CQ University Australia
  • Charles Sturt University
  • Southern Cross University
  • University of New England
  • Federation University
  • University of Southern Queensland
  • University of the Sunshine Coast (USC) 

New generation universities

These colleges are established in 2002. They are built for students graduating from higher secondary school. The main aim of these colleges is to provide advanced education to students.

  • Australian Catholic University
  • Bond University
  • Canberra University
  • Edith Cowan University
  • The University of Notre Dame 
  • Victoria University
  • Western Sydney University 

Overseas Healthcare Insurance in Australia

In Australia, international students must have health insurance. Health care for international students is called Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC). It covers all medical and hospital costs and is essential when moving to Australia.

Thus, students must remember to purchase health insurance before moving to Australia.

Alternative Education in Australia

Alternative education in Australia is referred to as an education philosophy different from mainstream education. These are taught in schools called alternative schools. Some of the alternative schools in Australia are:

  • Steiner schools
  • Montessori schools.

Job Opportunities in Australia

Students in Australia can get immense work opportunities inside and outside of Australia. They can get a chance to work with some of the top companies in the world. Students can get high-paying jobs along with many other benefits.

The following are some of Australia's top recruiters, along with the salaries they offer:


Salary (AUD/year)


AUD 270,000


AUD 190,000

GE Capital

AUD 180,000

Toil Group

AUD 165,000

Land Lease

AUD 282,000


AUD 176,000


AUD 159,000

Clayton Utz

AUD 172,000


AUD 99,000


AUD 92,000

Post-Study Work Opportunities

International students can return to Australia and work for five years. According to the new post-study work stream visa, Students can study, live, and work in specific areas of Australia for up to five years.

Almost all international students can apply for a Post-study work visa, but they must remember the following points:

Still unclear about anything? Well, not to worry. Contact AECC and get your queries answered today! AECC is one of the world's leading educational consultancies with versatile expert professionals ready to help you with any queries you may have. Contact us so we can be of assistance to you in your journey to achieving your dream.

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